Biodiversity

Habitats

VARIOUS HABITATS
FOREST
Forests cover more than 75% of the Appalachian corridor. Numerous flora and wildlife species, many of them at risk, depend entirely on forest cover.

For example, more than 90% of North America’s threatened bird species depend on forest habitat (American Forest Foundation, 2006) and 12 % of threatened or vulnerable plant species in Quebec find refuge here.

Forests provide other indirect benefits. They play a key role in maintaining water quality and containing carbon dioxide, a real issue in times of climate change.

 

Appalachian Corridor believes that forest conservation must take into account not only the ecological context, but the social and economic implications as well.

Fragile wetlands
Wetlands top the list of aquatic ecosystems to protect since they play an important role in maintaining water quality and biodiversity.
These wetlands are essential elements of watershed.

Wetlands
are:

natural filters

that improve water quality by retaining sediments and nutritive elements

natural barriers

that regulate water levels and diminish the risk of flooding

feeding and reproduction sites

for numerous species of invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals

places for
outdoor activities

like hunting, fishing, hiking or birdwatching

The threat to wetlands situated on private lands is extensive. Given that the real estate market is expanding and that rural areas are becoming more and more attractive to city dwellers looking for second homes, real estate development is a major threat to wetlands.

Appalachian Corridor believes that protecting wetlands is a collaborative effort not only with landowners, but with municipalities. The latter can contribute directly to the preservation of wetlands by collaborating with local conservation organisations.

VEGETATION

Appalachian Corridor’s territory of action spreads over two bioclimatic zones: the Sugar Maple-Basswood Forest Type and of the Sugar Maple-Yellow Birch Forest Type. A number of Exceptional Forest Ecosystems are know on our territory. They include old growth forests (i.e. undisturbed by human activity), refuge forests (habitats used by animal or plant species et risk) and rare forests, which present a set of specific ecological conditions.

Forest cover on the lower slopes of the Appalachians is dominated by Sugar Maple, White Ash, Basswood, American Beech, Red Maple, Yellow Birch, Black Cherry, Ironwood and Butternut. Hemlock and White Pine are present only locally.

At altitudes over 400 meters, several species are no longer found, and only the maples, Yellow Birch and American Beech persist. These species, mostly deciduous hardwoods, are replaced at about 700 meters by White Birch and Balsam Fir. Over 800 meters, the forest assumes a more boreal character and becomes dominated by Balsam Fir and Red Spruce.

FAUNA

Our territory of action harbours a great number of White-tailed Deer, Moose, Black Bear, Bobcat, Eastern Coyote, Beaver, Raccoon, American Porcupine, Fisher, River Otter and Snowshoe Hare. The Appalachian region is also known for its abundance of reptiles and amphibians. There are about twenty species in the region. Of all species, Wide-ranging Mammals and Interior Forest Birds are the most vulnerable to disturbance.

WIDE-RANGING MAMMALS
Appalachian Corridor’s territory of action is a very suitable habitat for Wide-Ranging Mammals. These species need large unfragmented forest blocks linked together by natural corridors in order to roam and complete their life cycle (including breeding and feeding activities, seeking refuge, etc).

SPECIES

VITAL AREA

FISHER 600 to 4000 ha
BOBCAT 5000 ha
COUGAR 4000 to 9000 ha
MOOSE 6000 to 10000 ha
BLACK BEAR 6000 to more than 10000 ha

INTERIOR FOREST BIRDS
Owing to its vast areas of unfragmented forest blocks, our region plays a key role in maintaining viable populations of interior forest birds such as the Pileated Woodpecker, American Redstart, Eurasian Wren, Barred Owl and several birds of prey.

FLORA

Over 1,000 species of plants occur naturally on Appalachian Corridor territory. Despite its great diversity, the flora in the region is still relatively unknown in some sectors of the mountains or other areas difficult to access and that have not yet been explored.

Some of the plant species typical of the Appalachians and found on our territory of action include

  • Acuminate Aster
  • Narrow-leaved Athyrium
  • Red Trillium
  • Painted Trillium

  • Hobblebush
  • Canada Columbine
  • Hay-scented Fern
  • Braun’s Holly Fern

  • American White Hellebore
  • Robbin’s Ragwort
  • Coolwort
  • White Snakeroot

  • Marsh Pennywort
  • Northern White Violet
  • Round-leaved Violet

Species at Risk

A number of mammal species at risk listed as threatened, vulnerable, or susceptible to be designated as such in Quebec, are present on the territory of action of Appalachian Corridor, including Cougar, Wood Turtle, Peregrine Falcon, Least Bittern, Bicknell’s Thrush, Golden-Winged Warbler and Chimney Swift.

The Appalachian region is also known for its abundance of reptiles and amphibians. There are about twenty species in the region, including several listed as species at risk in Canada or Quebec, such as the Wood Turtle, Snapping Turtle, Pickerel Frog, Four-toed Salamander and two species of lungless salamanders associated with pristine mountain streams, i.e. the Spring Salamander and Northern Dusky Salamander.

The region is also know for its outcroppings of serpentine, an uncommon plant on a Worldwide scale. These rare outcroppings can reveal the presence of Rand’s Goldenrod and Green Mountain Maidenhair Fern, two species susceptible to be designated as Threatened or Vulnerable in Quebec.

Your Wildlife Sightings

Help our biologists and share your sightings!

All data collected will be used by biologists monitoring species.
SEND US AN EMAIL TO

INCLUDING:
Date and time
of the sighting
Location

(GPS COORDINATES IF POSSIBLE)

SPECIES

(IF POSSIBLE)

SIZE

(especially for turtles)

If you can, please attached a picture

TO REPORT A TURTLE:

www.carapaces.ca

This Website of Nature Conservancy Canada

collects turtles sightings across Québec.

tortue

On behalf of wildlife, thank you!

Factsheets